DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN PIT BULL TERRIER AND ITS DERIVATIONS TODAY, THE AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER AND THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER. By Mariano Peinado.
This chapter equals polemic for some enthusiasts of the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier due to their refusal to admit the reality. In some cases they renounce of the origin of both canine breeds arguing these breeds don´t have anything to do with the APBT. To understand these people´s attitude I imagine they do it in order to protect their breed from the stupid laws generated by the social alarm provoked by some dog attacks to humans. It is correct and understandable to protect any breed from these laws, but not in such a way in which all the bad press goes to the APBT, while these breeds take advantage of it and leave the scene, right? Wouldn´t it be better to work hard and fight so that no one gets all the bad attention, just as we did since the social alarm in 1999 rose? Of course it is, it seems more complicated now.
Leaving this polemic aside and just focusing on
the topic of this section, so that all the dog enthusiasts can comprehend which
are the differences between these canine breeds, I can state that until 1935
and 1936 respectively, neither the American Staffordshire Terrier nor the
Staffordshire Bull Terrier existed as breeds. All of them were part of the same
American Pit Bull Terrier breed. The APBTs in
A group of American APBT breeders, lead by J.H.Colby, one of
the best breeders of APBT of all times, proposed to the American Kennel Club
(A.K.C) to include the American Pit Bull Terrier through Wilfred T. Brandon,
who dealt with all bureaucratic process. This way, the breed would enjoy a
better press and support in society. At the same time, another APBT group o
In both cases the same thing happened. Both associations required these APBT breeders to establish a more defined standard than that of the APBT, much broader, but of course, with its limits.
After working on establishing the new and more defined standard for their APBTs, the American partners defined a large phenotype while the English defined a reduced version of it.
Once these two standards were defined, they
asked both the A.K.C and the K.C to accept them to be part of the list of the
different breed they worked with. The
A.C.K and the K.C asked them for one more thing. They also required the APBT
breeders in the U.S and
Both breeders in the two continents came with very similar names for their respective breeds. The Americans called them Staffordshire Terriers, and their English partners called them Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Having modified their standards and names, both groups were accepted separately.
In 1935, the K.C of
“Jim the Dandy”, of 33 l., was the APBT that was used to make the standard from the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
A year later, on
In this picture we can see the great American Pit Bull Terrier called Colby´s “primo”, at 36l., whose breeds name was later changed and whose pattern was used to establish the standard of the new breed AST.
Even if now the names and standard of the APBT
Moreover, those studiers of the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier can trace back the names of their early dogs, and check they had very popular APBT dogs such as Lloyd’s “Pilot”, Lloyd’s Paddy, Burke’s Rafferty, etc. Also, it can be read in these old pedigrees the names of most of the best English breeders. These breeders such as: Delihant, Farmer, Con Feeley, Earl Tudor and Joe corvine, W.S. Semmes, Colby, Jim Corcoran, William J. Lightner, Johnny McDonald (Gas House), John Nooan among many others later moved to the U.S. Thus, there is no doubt that the origins of the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier comes from the same breed, what was before called the American Pit Bull Terrier.
These pedigrees were jealously and privately kept and no one could doubt of these pedigree´s credibility. These pedigrees were impregnated by the word and honor of the breeders. The dogs in England were transported to the U.S after 1800, when many of the workers of the poor areas of the country, went to the United States seeking for a better life. A big number carried their APBT dogs with them, in that time they were called with many different names such as, Bull and Terrier, Old English Bulldog, Pit Bull Terrier, or just Bulldog. It was in 1898 they all were finally denominated officially as the American Pit Bull Terrier.
Now, I will explain the differences of these two breed with what it was their original breed, the American Pit Bull Terrier.
Physically, there is a lot of resemblance among the three breeds. We shouldn´t forget that the three of them were the same one in their origin until the two new breeds took different direction, now focused on the breeding for physical appearance only. Is not difficult to understand, thus, that many people today don´t see the differences and confuses them. The big difference among these three breed is mainly in character due to the different way of breeding selection over the years.
Once this group of APBT was admitted in their lists with the name and phenotype changed by the K.C in 1935 and the A.K.C one year later, the breeding of these dogs was consequently focused on appearance. This way, they could participate in beauty shows. Winning them, thus, will mean an increase in the price of these dogs.
In the breeding of these new variations, the authentic character of the APBT was not taken into consideration, as it had been doing since its creation 500 years before. If we prioritize appearance over character, the American Pit Bull Terrier will be extinguished in a few decades. When we referred to the principles and inborn values of the character of the American Pit Bull Terrier, we are referring to its values in order to develop any kind of work entrusted by the human, its owner. Breeding for character is a must.
In no case we are referring to illegal activities such as fighting other dogs.
The principles and inborn values of the character in the breeding of the APBT consist and have always consisted in selecting dogs with the following characteristics:
1st - They must show a people friendly attitude. Thus, avoiding selecting those that are aggressive towards humans.
2nd -The must be good and tenacious workers, polyvalent and with absolute disposition to carry out any kind of work, no matter the adversities.
3rd – It is also important to maintain a physical functionality that allows the animal to manage any kind of situation, terrain or work. A good way to do this is to continue with the official standard, which has been established specifically so that dogs will meet the best physical structures for work and sports.
This criteria has Always been there since the creation of the American Pit Bull Terrier, which is a main difference compared to it variations, the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, but also with the rest of the breeds. Most of the breeds have taken the policy of breeding by appearance or beauty, losing the original characteristics that created these breeds and also condemning them to a variety of genetic defects such as (Dysplasia, Monorquidia, entropion) etc.
Differently, the breed of the American Pit Bull Terrier has always followed the three necessary characteristics mentioned above. This is the only way to assure a good character and to avoid the breed from extinction. The only beauty important in the breeding of the American Pit Bull Terrier is that of its heart (friendly towards humans, intelligence, balance, courage, tenacity, loyalty, etc...) leaving aside their physical appearance.
With these arguments we do not want to imply that both the American Staffordshire Terrier or the Staffordshire Bull Terrier are nowadays aggressive towards humans, or that are not fitted for work, or that they do not have enough physical or psychological strength to develop hard work, of course not. What I am trying to say is that because of a wrong selection in the breeding after 70 years (considering it a degeneration of the pure breed), these breeds are far from being what it is the original American Pit Bull Terrier. Thank god, still many breeders have been faithful to the ADBA standard all around the world, thus conserving the pure breed. That is why we can today enjoy the original American Pit Bull Terrier.
In order to understand better
this last question, we can read an article written by 1er. President of the
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club, Jack Barnard, “The history of the
Staffordshire Bull Terrier”, published by Count Major V.C. Hollender,
published in 1952 and says the following thing:
“Certainly, I like to see the Stafford with the spirit, characteristics and essence of the breed., but, I am worried and I will go in something more far to say than, the majority of our present specimens of nowadays is lacking “heart (or anger)”, this is forgetting in search of the call “type”. I am not pleading for a maniac dog, but I maintain and I believe that a Staffordshire without spirit is like an angel without wings. Believe me when I say to you that our true Staffordshire would go cheers to its death with a smile for you, that great is its love for its master, and everything what he asks is its amiability and affection. Therefore, I inquire to that can read this that wants and helps their more faithful and true friend. He remembers, no matter how much you appreciate his dog, still appreciates more to him to you.”
We have given this information because there exist an important lack of it. But it is also intended for all the enthusiasts of the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier that once deny the origin of these breeds, and even blamed on the American Pit Bull Terrier about dog attacks towards humans. This information may help them to think about it and probably appreciate the APBT because thank to them they can enjoy their lovely breeds. They should also think twice when blaming the APBTs or even throwing trash on them, because it may go against them someday. We are all in the same boat, if it sinks, we all sink. As all the dog lovers should know, there are not dangerous breeds; the only danger comes from the human kind. It is the owner’s irresponsibility, as well as for judges, legislators and administrations that do not seek proper canine assessment what becomes a danger for our dogs.
Going back to the discussion, I want to make clear that I value positively what in the beginning some groups of breeder tried to do in order for the breed to be accepted by some entities, so that it could have a better press. But that effort to be accepted by the A.K.C and the K.C, made them fall into making the most important mistakes in their lives. They allowed them to change their breed´s standard and official name. A true lover of the breed would never allow this to happen. They would never change the way the breed had been selected for the last 500 years.
One of the most common requests we receive at the FIAPBT, comes from people asking us to fight to be recognized by the FCI, so that the APBT would be in the list of the recognized Breeds. We have the same answer for everybody: Those entities interested in admitting the APBT in their list, have to show a clear interest in doing it so by respecting the original name, original standard, and of course, by not organizing beauty events. The only thing beauty events can bring to the APBT is a degeneration and the consequent extinction of the breed. For that fact, until this is not applied by the different organizations interested in having the APBT in their list, we are not interested in them. The ADBA right now is more than enough for us. It guarantees a breed control, and the continuation of the authentic American Pit Bull Terrier.
For the FIAPBT (Federation International
Any entity interested in accepting the APBT in their list, should never organize a beauty event. They should do a Conformation event so that they can assure a good selection of the breeding is been taking place, and in the other hand, doing so they also make sure that the APBT is the “the working dog by excellence” due to its versatility. Those interested in registering the APBT should also advice breeders to follow the three principles and values, in the selection of the breeding mentioned before.
Today’s true lovers of the breed should never commit the same mistake again. In the past, those breeders that tried to fit the APBT at the K.C and the A.K.C did not fulfill their goal. They wanted the APBT to be accepted by these organizations but ended up creating two different derivations of the APBT that after 70 years of wrong selection of breeding became two different breeds.
There are several internationally recognized entities more important than the FCI that admit the APBT in their list. These entities are doing a very good job registering dogs for a control of the breed and preservation of the pure breed. For this reason, having a lot of entities accepting the APBT does not mean an improvement the breed. Only doing what others are already doing, the new entities will do something to improve the breed. We better have a few good organizations doing a good job than many damaging the breed.
In this old clipping from a news paper in 1943, we can check how two famous APBTs Colby’s “Primo” and Colby’s “Trim”, are announced as Staffordshire Terriers in order to reproduce them with other bitches for $20 at the time. We can also observe the registry number from the Kennel Club, registering them as Staffordshire Terriers already. The first one with the registry number 641443 and 641508 the second one. Both came from the breeding of John P.H Colby, patriarch of the Colby family who died in 1941, but were property of his family.
A document of the Staffordshire Terrier Club of America in January 29th of 1943, sent by Wilfred T. Brandon, the president of that Club, to John P.H. Colby’s son, Louis B. Colby, to inform him that the four APBTs had been registered by the American Kennel Club. The names of these four magnificent dogs are: Colby’s “Primo”, Colby’s “Buffy”, Colby’s “Fool” and Colby’s “Trim”. All of them where consequently renamed as Staffordshire Terriers as well as their descendents. Nobody with a bit of knowledge would deny that these four dogs were not American Pit Bulls Terriers before their breed was renamed. If they do not recognize this fact, it just means they know little about this matter, or that simply they want to deny the fact for simply hiding and falsifying the truth in order to separate themselves from the horrifying image the APBT, the ancestor of their breed, poses.
This same document has the signature of the president of the
Staffordshire Club of
We have to clarify something in the name of the Colby family, one of the best breeder of all times. Even if John P.H.Colby made an error rushing to have his dogs accepted by the A.K.C, three years after he died, they rectified and continued registering their dogs as APBTs at the ADBA. It is said that rectifying is of wise men, and actually not everyone does it, some didn´t. Anyways, the Colby dogs are practically the base of the AST. Luckily, not everyone made the same error of perverting the pure breed, and continued selecting their APBT’s under the guidance of the inborn values and principles, registering them at the ADBA, a most professional and loyal entity than the A.K.C, K.C or the F.C.I.
This is a private pedigree of an American Pi Bull Terrier of the time, handmade but perfectly conserved as if it was a diamond. Nobody will doubt of the trustworthiness of these pedigrees, it was the breeder’s honor what was written on them.
Enough British immigrants moved from
You have the authorization to copy this articulate if you wish it, but we would be thankful to you if you add the source in your web site. http://www.fiapbt.net/origins.html
By Mr. Mariano Peinado IADCRO
We hope that the articulate will be affability for you and if he is thus, them enjoy with he.
En esta sección del REGISTRO GENEALOGICO DE SEGURIDAD DE LA FIAPBT llamado FIAPBT Pedigree, podrán ustedes estudiar las diferentes ramificaciones genéticas de esta maravillosa y noble raza canina, el American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT); Ver fotografías históricas de ejemplares de APBT nunca vistas anteriormente en publico; Participar en foros privados con diferentes temáticas en torno al APBT; Ayudar a combatir la criminalización que realiza la Ley PPP y la BSL; Crear fácilmente el pedigree online de su ejemplar o de las camadas que usted tenga; etc.
Para poder disfrutar de estos servicios, simplemente deben registrarse a través de www.fiapbtpedigree.com con opción del idioma en español o en ingles, como usted prefiera. Esta nueva sección del REGISTRO GENEALOGICO DE SEGURIDAD DE LA FIAPBT, la FIAPBT Pedigree, estará en continuo desarrollo por parte de la FIAPBT, para su mejora constante.
In this FIAPBT GENEALOGICAL SECTION REGISTRY OF SECURITY called FIAPBT Pedigree, you will be able to study the different ramifications genetic of this wonderful and the noble breed dog, the American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT); To see APBT historical pictures never seen previously in publish; To participate in forums deprived with different thematics around the APBT; To help to fight the criminalization that the BSL realises; To create easily the pedigree online of your dog or the litters that you have; etc.
In order to be able to enjoy these services, simply you must to register through www.fiapbtpedigree.com with the option the Spanish and English language. This new FIAPBT GENEALOGICAL SECTION REGISTRY OF SECURITY, the FIAPBT Pedigree, will be in continuous development by the FIAPBT, for its constant improvement.
In the FIRST IADCRO INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS about BSL, has been demonstrated scientifically the nonexistence of Dangerous or Potentially Dangerous breeds dogs. The SCIENTIFIC CONGRESS message has VALIDED for all the languages and all the countries. http://www.iadcro.com/informationcongress.html
NEWS BOLETIN http://www.villaliberty.org/newsboletin.html
Breed specific legislation failing globally:
En el Congreso se habló en español y lo más importante, es que el mensaje de los CIENTIFICOS ETOLOGOS allí reunidos AFIRMANDO la NO EXISTENCIA DE RAZAS CANINAS PELIGROSAS, TIENE VALIDED para todos los idiomas y para todos los países. http://www.iadcro.com/informacioncongreso.html
La Ley PPP o BSL falla
IADCRO and the FIAPBT thank so much to all representatives, members and collaborators, for the important effort that they are doing in the diffusion of all related with the defense of the discriminated breed dogs and continue doing everything what are in his hands and within of his possibilities, to secure the objectives of this just cause, by many disadvantages that are in the way . The diffusion of the IADCRO information, is what it really gives the force to us to be able to press suitably to the Governments of the countries that contemplate the BSL and in this way, to be considered. Consequently to this last, we would have more possibilities so that the Law was annulled or modified according to our request, in right terms for the dogs of any breed or cross.
How can I help in this just cause, as is the defense of the dogs pertaining to certain breed dogs? http://www.villaliberty.org/howcanido2.html
We can spread, pass it on to all our contacts, to mass media, in public forums of Internet (dogs forums, animal, nature, human rights, etc.) and all the ways that we will can think to spread the more effectively possible the information that appears in the IADCRO Web site, to try to humbly secure to the collaboration and help that could contribute to us the fans and lovers of the animal rights. Without this collaboration and help, the situation will not allow us to acquire the force that we needed to secure the objective.
The information with that you can begin to spread would be by priorities. At the moment most urgent to spread is the Venezuela and Denmark information for being present, then that is the information with which it would begin to bomb in your diffusion, after this either the more calmly, would be taking more IADCRO information always in the high-priority way the more in your opinion or criterion of each: http://www.iadcro.com/information.html
Some times, you would watch the cover of the IADCRO Web site www.iadcro.com or FIAPBT www.fiapbt.net , since if they leave new alert would reflect in that place. Also we can watch in the section of the last news to acquire this information: http://www.villaliberty.org/ultimasnoticias.html based on the priority that has this alert of help, is in the way that we would guide ourselves at the time of the diffusion help. I hope that with these slight knowledge, it serves to orient to all those that are showing interest in helping in this right cause and they do not know like doing it. However, any type of doubt, you can write to:
Iñaki Goya Delegations Coordinator: email@example.com
In the FIRST IADCRO INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS against BSL, has been demonstrated scientifically the nonexistence of Dangerous or Potentially Dangerous breeds dogs. That is valid for all countries of the world.
Thanks to all for being like you are, making good the proverb that says; “United we stand". Without your endorsement and help, this just cause we would have lost it since the beginning. Your not change never.
IADCRO y la FIAPBT agradecen mucho a todos sus representantes, miembros y colaboradores, el esfuerzo tan importante que realizan en la difusión de todo lo relacionado con la defensa de las razas discriminadas y haciendo todo lo que esta en su mano y dentro de sus posibilidades, para conseguir los objetivos de esta justa causa, a pesar de las trabas e inconvenientes que sufren en su contra, por parte de algunos que no les gusta que aflore la verdad y lo justo. La difusión de la información de IADCRO, es lo que realmente nos da la fuerza para poder presionar adecuadamente a los Gobiernos de los países que contemplan Leyes del tipo PPP o BSL y de esta manera, ser tenidos en cuenta. Consecuentemente a esto último, tendríamos más posibilidades para que la Ley fuera anulada o modificada conforme a nuestra petición, en términos justos para los perros de cualquier raza o mestizo.
¿Cómo ayudar en esta justa causa, como es la defensa de los perros pertenecientes a unas ciertas razas caninas? http://www.villaliberty.org/howcanido.html
Podemos difundir, corriendo la voz a todos nuestros contactos, a los medios de comunicación, en foros públicos de Internet (foros de perros, animales, naturaleza, derechos humanos, etc.) y de todas las maneras que se nos pueda ocurrir para difundir lo más eficazmente posible la información que aparece en la Web de IADCRO, para intentar conseguir humildemente la colaboración y ayuda que nos podrían aportar los aficionados y amantes de los derechos de los animales. Sin esta colaboración y ayuda, la situación no nos permitirá adquirir la fuerza que necesitamos para conseguir el objetivo.
La información con la que pueden comenzar a difundir sería por prioridades. En estos momentos lo más urgente a difundir es lo de Venezuela, lo de Dinamarca por ser lo más actual, entonces esa es la información con la que comenzaría a bombardear en mí difusión, después de esto ya más tranquilamente, iría cogiendo más información de IADCRO siempre de la manera más prioritaria en mi opinión, esto ya a criterio de cada uno: http://www.iadcro.com/informacion.html
De vez en cuando, miraría la portada de la Web de IADCRO www.iadcro.com o de la FIAPBT www.fiapbt.net , ya que si salen nuevas alertas de socorro reflejarían en ese lugar. También podemos mirar en la sección de últimas noticias para adquirir dicha información: http://www.villaliberty.org/ultimasnoticias.html en función de la prioridad que tengan dichas alertas de socorro, es en la manera que nos guiaríamos a la hora de la difusión de ayuda. Espero que con estas nociones, sirva para orientar a todos aquellos que están mostrando interés en ayudar en esta justa causa y no saben como hacerlo. No obstante, cualquier tipo de duda, pueden dirigirse a:
Iñaki Goya coordinador Delegaciones: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gracias por estar ahí y ser como sois, haciendo bueno el refrán que dice; “En la unión esta la fuerza”. Sin vuestro respaldo y ayuda, esta justa causa la tendríamos perdida desde el comienzo. No cambiéis nunca.
XXXX COUNTRIES with BSL THAT WE MUST BOYCOTT XXXX